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Dr. Paul Degenaer
Therapeutic Optometrist


What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease which is characterized by above normal sugar (glucose) levels in the body. Insulin is a hormone that is released  from the pancreases in the body to break down and help our body's cells process the sugar we eat. Unchecked diabetes can cause many serious effects to other parts of the body especially the eyes.

There are two common types of diabetes.

Type 1:

The pancreas doesn't make insulin causing a buildup of glucose in the bloodstream.

Type 2:

The pancreas doesn't produce enough insulin or doesn't use it properly causing a buildup of glucose in the bloodstream. This is the more common type.

The CDC has created a short video explaining this condition with visuals. Please click here to view.

What is Prediabetes?

Prediabetes is characterized by above normal blood sugar levels but not high enough to be classified as Type 2 diabetes.

Lifestyle changes can help prevent or delay prediabetes from turning into diabetes. The CDC's National Diabetes Prevention Program has created a program to help individuals make healthy lifestyle changes that work for your life. Trained coaches and support groups are available in person and online depending on your preference. Please click here to learn more about the program. Please click here to see locations that offer the program near you.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Please click here to learn more about the potential impact diabetes can have on the eyes.


As more and more children are being diagnosed with prediabetes or diabetes, it is important to start to educate your child on their health. Here are some videos to help educate and encourage children:

Physical Activity

Healthy Eating

Healthy VS Sugary Snacks


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